Sever’s disease is a condition that occurs in children during the growth spurt of adolescence, typically between the ages of 8 and 13 for girls and 10 and 15 for boys. It is often painful but can be treated early with good results. Sever’s disease occurs when the growth plate in the heel begins to swell. Sever’s disease often occurs during the same period in a child’s growth as Osgood-Schlatter disease.
The most common of the Sever’s disease causes is when the heel bone grows more rapidly than the muscles and tendons in the leg. The muscles and tendons become tight and put additional stress on the growth plate in the heel. When this happens, the growth plate begins to swell, becomes tender, and the child will essentially begin to feel one or more Sever’s disease symptoms. It can occur in any child as they grow, but there are some common Sever’s disease causes and risk factors that make a child more prone to the condition. They include:
One of the most obvious Sever’s disease symptoms is pain and tenderness in the back of the heel. The pain often extends down the sides and bottom as well but will end at the arch. Some other common Sever’s disease symptoms include:
The goal of a treatment is to find relief from pain so that the child can enjoy the activities they participate in every day. With continued activity, left untreated, Sever’s disease can become severe and could require the child to wear a cast for anywhere from 2 to 12 weeks to immobilize the foot so that it can heal.
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